E551 - Silicon dioxide

Functions: Carrier

Silicon dioxide, also known as silica, silicic acid or silicic acid anydride is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula SiO2, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms. In many parts of the world, silica is the major constituent of sand. Silica is one of the most complex and most abundant families of materials, existing as a compound of several minerals and as synthetic product. Notable examples include fused quartz, fumed silica, silica gel, and aerogels. It is used in structural materials, microelectronics -as an electrical insulator-, and as components in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Inhaling finely divided crystalline silica is toxic and can lead to severe inflammation of the lung tissue, silicosis, bronchitis, lung cancer, and systemic autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Uptake of amorphous silicon dioxide, in high doses, leads to non-permanent short-term inflammation, where all effects heal. - Wikipedia

Names: Dioxyde de silicium, silice, Gel bleu de silice, Gel 60 de silice, Dioxyde de silicium, Silicon dioxide, terre diatomée, terre de diatomée, Silica, CI 7811, Cab-o-sil, Diatomaceous earth calcined, Diatomaceous silica, Dioxosilane, Pigment White 27, Silanox 101, Siliceous earth, Silicon dioxide, Solum diatomeae, White carbon, CAS 7631-86-9

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